Antoine Lavoisier

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About Antoine Lavoisier Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (26 August 1743 – 8 May 1794); French pronunciation: ), the father of modern chemistry, was a French noble prominent in the histories of chemistry and biology. He stated the first version of the law of conservation of mass, recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), abolished the phlogiston theory, helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclatureHe discovered that, although matter may change its form or shape, its mass always remains the same. Thus, for instance, if water is heated to steam, if salt is dissolved in water or if a piece of wood is burned to ashes , the total mass remains unchanged. He was also an investor and administrator of the "Ferme Générale" a private tax collection company; chairman of the board of the Discount Bank (later the Banque de France); and a powerful member of a number of other aristocratic administrative councils. All of these political and economic activities enabled him to fund his scientific research. At the height of the French Revolution he was accused by Marat of selling watered-down tobacco, and of other crimes, and was beheaded.

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France Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
5. Blaise Pascal 48
6. Jacques Monod 47
7. Denis Papin 46
8. Lamarck 45
9. Antoine Lavoisier 45
10. Henri Poincaré 45
11. Jacques-Yves 45
12. André-Marie Ampère 45
13. Louis de Broglie 45

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
272. S Buarque de Holanda 45
273. Din al Amili 45
274. Joseph Petzval 45
275. Leandro Konder 45
276. Antoine Lavoisier 45
277. Marcelo Gleiser 45
278. Maynard Keynes 45
279. Lamarck 45
280. Augusto Ruschi 45

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